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    Physical And Chemical Properties Of Lysophospholipids

    2021-11-11

    Compounds that have an acyl group on the 1-position hydroxyl group of a glycerol backbone to form esters (phospholipase A2 decomposition products) and 2-position compounds (A1 decomposition products). Insoluble in acetone and ether, it has strong hemolytic effect. The remaining fatty acid ester (RCO- in the structural formula) is easily hydrolyzed by lysophospholipase to produce fatty acid and glycerol phosphatidylcholine. Only a small amount exists in nature, and it is easily produced by the action of snake venom and pancreatic juice phospholipase A. The acyl-CoA transferase of liver microsomes reacts with acyl-CoA to produce lecithin.

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